A challenging background
The Chancellor, Rishi Sunak, delivered his Spring Statement on 23 March. Faced with the task of creating a ‘strong economy’ for the UK, against the challenging background of high inflation, rising costs and being outside the single market, he announced a raft of new measures.
So, what was in the Spring Statement for your business? And how will these announcements and new initiatives affect the business landscape in the coming year?
The challenge of creating a stronger UK economy
As we head into the second quarter of 2022, business is facing a demanding economic landscape. Inflation is at a 30-year high, currently measured at 6.2%. Fuel, energy and labour costs are increasing, leading to 73% of UK firms planning to raise their prices to cover rising costs.
What most UK businesses want is action from the government to ease these pressures. So, did the Chancellor’s mini-budget live up to these expectations?
Investment, innovation and growth
The Chancellor and the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) predict that the UK economy will grow by 3.8% this year. Projections are then for growth of 1.8% in 2023, and then 2.1%, 1.8% and 1.7% in the following three years. The OBR also now predicts that inflation will hit 7.4% by the end of the year. That’s a big hurdle to any kind of meaningful recovery.
What’s needed to counter this demanding economic landscape is a clear focus on growth and productivity. So, did the Chancellor announce the measures that will truly deliver this growth and innovation? There are measures here to support this aim, but it’s likely to be a slow and steady kind of growth.
Key measure announced include:
Employment Allowance – the Employment Allowance allows smaller businesses to reduce their employer National Insurance contributions bills. This allowance will rise from £4,000 to £5,000 from April this year. The cut will be worth up to £1,000 for half a million smaller businesses and starts in two weeks’ time.
VAT change – homeowners installing energy efficiency materials such as solar panels, heat pumps, or insulation will see VAT cut on these items from 5% to zero for five years.
Other measures – The Help to Grow: Management and Help to Grow: Digital schemes were also highlighted by the Chancellor as evidence of their commitment to provide support for enterprise. And the rise to £1 million for the Annual Investment Allowance will also help support businesses that are looking to invest in their future success.
It was also announced that the Chancellor plans to do something in the future after consultation.
Capital allowances – the current super-deduction scheme offers an enhanced capital allowance on qualifying purchases of equipment and assets. This super-deduction will end in March 2023, but the Chancellor indicated that the Government wants to offer more help around capital investment for UK businesses. The Government will work with businesses and other stakeholders to consider cuts and reforms that will support future investment.
Employee training – UK employers spend half the European average on training for their employees. This lack of qualifications is affecting our innovation and productivity. The Chancellor said he intends to make use of the tax system – including the operation of the Apprenticeship Levy – to encourage employers to invest in adult training.
R&D Tax Credits – R&D reliefs play a big part in encouraging research and development (R&D) and innovation. UK business R&D investment is less than half of the OECD’s average as a percentage of GDP. To tackle this shortfall, R&D tax reliefs will be reformed to deliver better value for money for the taxpayer. The scope of the available R&D reliefs will also be expanded to cover data, cloud computing and pure maths, to broaden the eligibility to a wider range of businesses, sectors and development.
Helping hard-working people
The Chancellor acknowledged the need to support hard-working families and business as part of his statement. The Chancellor evidently does have a plan for combating the cost-of-living crisis. Mr Sunak wants to take a ‘principled approach to cutting taxes’ and to be disciplined in making decisions that will build a stronger economy. He set out the framework for this ambition with a new three-point plan for taxation.
The Government’s plan is intended to:
- Support families with the cost of living
- Provide the conditions for growth
- Share the profits of this growth fairly
Measures to support this include:
Rise in the NIC threshold – the Government will raise from July the threshold for class 4 and class 1 National Insurance to £12,570. The 1.25% increase in National Insurance for employees, self employed and employers is still going ahead, as is the 1.25% increase in dividend tax.
Cut to fuel costs – fuel duty has been cut by 5p from 6pm on 23 March 2022. This is less than the extra money being raised in VAT by the higher fuel prices.
Planned cut to basic rate income tax – the Chancellor promised he would cut income tax by 1p from April 2024 – as long as the economic conditions allow it.